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罗宗强: 文学的美 思想的光
来源:竞彩官网 发稿时间: 2021-06-02 10:08

  学人小传 

    罗宗强(1931—2020),我国古代文学研究领域著名学者,祖籍广东揭阳,1956年考入南开大学中文系本科学习,1964年研究生毕业,分配到江西赣南师范专科学校。1975年调回南开大学学报和中文系工作,先后任副教授、教授、博士研究生导师、中文系主任、校学术委员会委员等。曾任唐代文学学会、李白学会、杜甫学会副会长,中国古代文论学会、中国明代文学学会顾问,《文学遗产》杂志编委等。他开创了中国文学思想史的研究方法与学科方向,先后荣获首届中国高校人文社会科学研究优秀成果一等奖、第二届思勉原创奖。他的《魏晋南北朝文学思想史》《隋唐五代文学思想史》《明代文学思想史》,堪称中国文学思想史研究的经典之作;《玄学与魏晋士人心态》《明代后期士人心态》《读文心雕龙手记》《李杜论略》《唐诗小史》《因缘居别集》,亦是具有广泛影响的学术精品。其学术著作被编为十卷本《罗宗强文集》,2019年由中华书局出版。他于2001年获“全国模范教师”称号,又分别获南开大学特别贡献奖、南开大学最高学术研究成就奖。

    罗宗强画作《写李义山诗意图》

  

  作者: 张毅 

甘 泉

竞彩官网  1931nian2yue,luozongqiangxianshengchushengyuguangdongshengjieyangxianrongchengzhen,shaonianshiqicengruhuajiachenwenxihehuangdufengzairongchengkaibandeguohuayanxiban,jieshouzuichudeshenmeijiaoyu。nianchuzhongshi,youdedaoguodushixianshengdewenxueqimeng。guoxianshengrangtabeisongwangshifude《xixiangji》he《tangshisanbaishou》,yindaotayueduhufengde《lunminzuxingshiwenti》。shaoniandeluozongqiangbujinlinghuidaowenxuezhimei,haizhidaozhei“mei”liyunhanzhexuduosixianglilunwenti。

  1951nianqiu,zongqiangxianshengkaorudangshidenanfangdaxueguowenxi,bujiubianbeipaiwangzhanjiangzuochengshigongzuo。1953nianchunbeidiaodaohainandao,zaiyigexiangjiaozhongzhichanglizuojihuatongjigongzuo。

  raner,gongzuodebuduanbianhuanhezhanzhuanqianxi,bingweigaibianzongqiangxianshengduiwenxuedereaihexiangwang。1956nianqiu,pingzheduiwenxuedeaihao,takaojinnankaidaxuezhongwenxi。

竞彩官网  zainankaiyuan,zongqiangxianshengcongbenkedaoyanjiusheng,yidujiushi8nian。congxianqindianjidaojinxiandaiwenxuezhuzuo,fanshitushuguanliyoude,tadouzhaolaidu,bingzuoledaliangdedushubijihekapian,daxialejianshiguangbodexuewengendi。

竞彩官网  nankaiqiuxueqijian,youliangweilaoshiduizongqiangxianshengyingxiangzuida。yiweishinankaidaxuezhongwenxiyuanzhurenlihelinxiansheng。ketangshang,lihelinxianshengyiziyijudijiangshouluxunde《yecao》,bingyiyizhichuleisidejuzihesixianghaichuxianzailuxundenaxiepianmuzhong。lihelinxianshengdui《luxunquanji》delanshuchengdulingrenjingya,taneizhongzhengzhirengeheyanjinxuefeng,duizongqiangxianshengrihoudexueshuyangcheng,qizheshifenguanjiandezuoyong。zaiyiweishiwangdajinxiansheng,tajiaodaoxueshengzuoxuewenyinggaijubeiguangbodezhishi,guangfanyueduyuanzhu,xiewenzhangbunengyinershoucailiao,youyifencailiaoshuoyifenhua。zheiyidianrangzongqiangxianshengzaihoulaideyanjiugongzuozhongshouyifeiqian。

  1964nian,zongqiangxianshengyanjiushengbiye,beifenpeidaojiangxigannanshifanxueyuanrenjiao。xuexiaotushuguanzangshuyouxian,tadaiqudedaliangshujizai“wenge”zhongbeichaozou,zhiliuxiayibu《luxunquanji》。neiduanshijian,zongqiangxianshengchulelaodonghesixianggaizaowai,bianshifanfudu《luxunquanji》,congzhongjiqujingshenliliang。

竞彩官网  neishi,zongqiangxianshengchangzaijiangxigannandequnshanzhongbashe,zaizhiyouwuliugexiaoxueshengdeshancunxuexiaolitinglaoshijiaohaizimenxuepinyin。taxiangbumingbai,zheiyutasuoxuedeyanjiushengzhuanyeyoushenmelianxi。buguoneimaomishanlin,neikongshanqiuye,neipinqiongrenmin,rangtananyiwanghuai。shengshengbuxideshengming,wuchubuzai,zheizhongjingshenshizhichengtaduguoneiduanjiannansuiyuede“ganquan”。

  1975nian,zaijiangxigannanshenghuochujingjiannanyichangzhishi,zongqiangxianshengyiwaishoudaodiaowangnankaidaxuegongzuodetongzhi,yuanlaishitongchuanghaoyoukantariziguodejiannan,zhengdexuexiaotongyi,xiangbanfajiangtadiaohuimuxiao。errunankai,zaicizoujinshuxidenankaiyuan,manbuzaikaikuodedazhonglushang,zongqiangxianshengyinyueyugandaorenshengjiangchuxianzhongdazhuanji。zhenshinankai,nankai,yuenanyuekai!duikunnanshikejiyubangzhudehaoyouhemuxiao,tadeganjizhiqingnanyiyanbiao。

奋 斗

竞彩官网  zhongfannankai,zongqiangxianshengxianzainankaixuebaogongzuo,ranhoudaozhongwenxirenjiao,tazheishiyijingrenguozhongnian。

  shushenglaoqu,jihuifanglai。zongqiangxianshengjiabeizhenxizheidelaibuyideshiji,wangwangshibaitianshangbanheshangke,wanshangxianliaolijiawu,jiudianyihoucainengzuoxialaijinxingyanjiuhexiezuo,zhidaolingchenersandian,shaoweitangyihuier,qingchenliudianzuoyouyoudeqichuang,meitianzhishui4gexiaoshi。

  jiuzheiyang,jinyongyinianshijian,zongqiangxianshengjiuwanchenglezijidediyibuzhuzuo《lidulunlve》,1980nianyouneimenggurenminchubanshechuban。《lidulunlve》duitangdailiangweidashirenlibai、dufudewenxuesixiang、chuangzuofangfa、yishufenggehebiaoxianshoufa,zuolequanmianshenrudebijiaofenxihepiping。

  zaixiezuo《lidulunlve》detongshi,zongqiangxianshengkaishileduizhongguowenxuepipingshideyanjiuyusikao,changshiyunyongzhongguowenxuesixiangyanjiudexinfangfa,tansuoxuekefazhanxinfangxiang。taxianconggudaiwenlunrushou,xuandingqi、fenggu、xingji、yijing、shenyun、shenxing、gediaodengshiduogefanchou,soujiledaliangdexiangguanziliao。keshi,zhengdangtaduizheixieziliaojinxingguinazhengli,liqiucongzhongzhaochuyanbianxiansuo,yikaochatamengezidelilunneihanhetezhengshi,queyudaolekunnan。yinweimeigewenlunfanchoudetichuheyanbian,douyoudangshiwenxuechuangzuodeshijihewenxuesichaoweibeijing,likaijutidelishiwenhuayujing,lilunfanchouhuoshuyubianchenglehanyibumingdezhiyanpianyu。ruguobunongqingchugurendezheixiezhiyanpianyushizaishenmeqingkuangxiashuochulaide,jinpingxiandaiwenyililundekuangjiabatamenguinadaoyiqi,shijishangjiushinagudaidewenxuepipingcailiaoweixiandaiwenxuelilunzuozhujie。zheishiyizhongfuzaodexuefeng,jishibawenzhanghuozhuzuoxiechulai,yebuhuiyoutaidajiazhi。

竞彩官网  zongqiangxianshengjuexinfangqiyiwangzhongguowenxuepipingshidechuantongyanjiufangfa,zhuanerjinxinggengtiejinwenxuechuangzuoshiji、gengnengfanyingtedingshiqiwenxuepipinglishiyuanmaodewenxuesixiangshiyanjiu。tadezhongguowenxuesixiangyanjiushicongsuitangwudaikaishide,zheishiyigewenxuechuangzuogaodufanrong、wenxuesixiangshifenfengfu、chengxitongdewenxuelilunpipingxiangduijiaoweiboruodeshiqi。

竞彩官网  genjuyanjiuduixiangdeshijiqingkuang,zongqiangxianshengrenweibixucongdangshiwenxuechuangzuoqingxiangdebianhualaikaochawenxuesixiang,yuwenxuelilunpipingxiangyinzheng,zheishitazaidutangdailishiziliaodetongshi,dubiansuoyounenggoukandaodetangrenwenjihouxingchengdekanfa。

竞彩官网  zaisuitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshideyanjiuzhong,zongqiangxianshenghaifaxianleyixiedaiyoupubianxingdewenti: shouxian,wenxuesixiangdefazhanshitongguozhujiande、manzhangdeyanbianwanchengde。yizhongwenxuesixiangchaoliudechuxian,tademengya,zaishangyigewenxuesichaoli,ertadeyubo,zecunliuzaixiayigewenxuesichaozhong,qijianchangchangyouyigeguoduqi。qici,wenxuesichaodeyanbianyuzhengjudeguanxishifenmiqie。zhongguogudaideshirenzuojia,tamendechushiherushi,yuzhengjuyouzheqiansiwanlvdelianxi,tamendewenxueguannianbukebimiandiyaoshouzhengjubianhuadeyingxiang。zuihou,wenxuelilunpipingdechengjiuhewenxuechuangzuoshijibingbudoushiyizhide。yixietixipangdayanmidewenxuelilunzhuzuohejiaoweixitongdeshilun,duidangshishigechuangzuochaoliudezouxiangbingweichanshengmingxiandeyingxiang,daoshiyixiejinhukouhaodezhuzhang,zaiwenxuesichaodeyanbianguochengzhongqizhetuidongzuoyong。

竞彩官网  1986nian,《suitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshi》youshanghaigujichubanshechuban,biaozhizhenankaidushuyizhidezhongguowenxuesixiangshixuekeyanjiutixidechengli。zongqiangxianshengrenwei,wenxuesixiangyanjiudeguanjian,zaiyujinkenengzhunquemiaoshuchutedingshiqiwenxuesixiangfazhandeyuanmao。wanquanhaiyuanlishishibukenengde,danjinkenengdijiejinlishidezhenshiqueyoukeneng,zheixuyaofuchujidadejinglihenaixin,duishiliaozuoquanmianrenzhendeqingli。chushishu、zishu、jingzhuwai,haixuanshijianshunxuyibuyibudidubieji,tongguoziliaodequanmianyuedu,xingchengzijideyinxiangbingjiayizongjie,juebuxiangxintarenganjue,yebuxiangxinershouziliao。zhiyouzaijinliangmiaoshuchulishidezhenshimianmaozhihou,caiyoukenengduiwenxuesixiangdeshifeiquzhizuochujiaoweigongyundepingjia。

精 进

竞彩官网  jiaotashidi、renzhenwushidezhixuetaidu,buduanjinqu、yongyuchuangxindekaituojingshen,xingchenglezongqiangxianshengdexueshuyanjiutese。zaijinxingweijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangdeyanjiuzhong,tafajue,yigeshidaidezhexuesichao、wenrendeshengcunzhuangtaihexinlizhuangtai,yeshizhiyuewenxuesixiangfazhandezhongyaoyinsu,zheiyinqiletazhuanmenyanjiushirenxintaidexingqu。

  tongguoduiweijinshiqishirenshengcunzhuangtaihexinlulichengderenzhenyanjiu,zongqiangxianshengrenwei,xuanxuesichaoqilaizhihou,gaibianleyidaishirendeshengcunzhuangtai,gaibianletamendezhiqu、xingweishenzhipinge,zheiyidianduiyuzhongguowenxuesixiangfazhandeyingxiangzhiweishenyuan。gengzhongyaodeshi,zhexuede、lishide、shehuizhengzhidezhongzhongwaibuyinsuduiwenxuesixiangdeyingxiang,shitongguoshirenxintaiweizhongjieershixiande。

竞彩官网  duishirenxintaideyanjiu,bujinkeyidatongwenshizhedejiexian,gengkeyiduiminzuwenhuadeshenmeixinli、duizhongguorendeshengmingqingdiaojimeigan,yougengquanmian、gengqieshidebawohetihui。zaixiezuo《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》yishushi,zongqiangxianshengshitushuomingxuanxuesichaoyushirenxintaibianhuadeguanxi,tantaoshirenxintaidebianhuaruheyingxiangtamendeshenmeiqingqu,yingxiangtamendewenxueticaixuanze,shenzhiyingxiangdaowentideyanbian。

  zongqiangxianshengcongzheixiefangmian,duijikang、ruanji、taoyuanmingdengzuojiadechuangzuohesixiangzhongxinjinxingshenshi,duixijinshifengyudongjinxuanyanshizuochuxindechanshi,duixuan、shiheliudeyiyiyuyichongfenzhongshi。zheiyangyilai,wenxuesixiangshideyanjiuyushirenxintaishideyanjiuyejiumibukefenle,baxizhiruweideshenmeixinlifenxiheyishizhengweijichudeyanmisibianjiehezaiyiqi,rangrenjikeyilingwudaoyishuxiangshoudemeigan,younenghuodeqingxisibiansuoyinqidelixingyuyue。

  《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》yu1991nianyouzhejiangrenminchubanshechubanhou,xuanjihuodeguangfanhaoping,《renminribao》《dushu》he《wenxueyichan》zazhidoukanfashupingyuyikending。

  zhouguolinxianshengzai《du〈xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai〉》lishuo,zheibuxueshuzhuzuo“jiyougaowujianlingdezhengtichanfa,youyouxiniruweidegeanfenxi,jichongmannonghoudesibiansecai,youjianjuqiangliedeshizhengjingshen”。

  wuxiangxianshengzai《wunaidehuihuang》zhongshuo: “zheishiyibufeichangjingcaideshu,shi‘yingrenxin’deshu,shiyousuojiandeshu。duzheiyangdeshu,queshi‘gandaojidademanzu,jiyouyizhongyishuxiangshoudemeigan,youdedaosibianqingxisuoyinqidelixingdeyuyue’。”

竞彩官网  shirenwenhuabubuzhangdewangmengxiansheng,yezaitiwei《mingshifengliuyihou》dewenzhangzhong,chengzan《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》duiweijinshirenxintaidelunxi“henbiezhi”。tashuo: “woyijinghaojiumeiyouduguozheiyangyouquyouyouhuose、youjiandideshule。”

竞彩官网  fuxuancongxianshengzai《zouxiangchengshudesikao——duluozongqiang〈xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai〉》lishuo: “tadezhuzuodewenshi,zonghuishirenganjuedaoshizaizhenggeyanjiudejinchengzhonghuachuyidaoxian,mingxiandibiaozhichuyanjiucengcidetigao。”

  xueshuyanjiushiyixiang“tilihuo”,yaozhushuerlishuo,feiouxinlixuebuke。zai《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》chanshenghongdongxiaoyinghoudeyitianshenye,zongqiangxianshengxiangwangchangyiyangqingdengtanshu,turanhunshentengdemaoxuhan,pazaishuzhuoshangqibulaile。shimugandaodazhonglupangdeshiyisushe,qiaomentongzhishicongtaduoniandedizi。woyouqiaokaizhuzaitongloudexiaogongdemen,jieleyiliangpojiudesanlunche,dingzhemantianxingdouhehanfeng,zhizhiyayadijiangxianshengsongwangtianjinzongyiyuan。

竞彩官网  zongqiangxianshengdeshentibingbuqiangzhuang,dangtaquanshenxintouruyanjiuhexiezuozhongshi,jingchangaoyedoumeishi,danmeidangyibuzhongyaozhuzuowangaozhihou,juedekeyisongkouqile,tawangwanghuibingshangyichang。

  《xuanxueyuweijinshirenxintai》zhishizongqiangxianshengyanjiuweijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangdefuchanpin。tadelingyibuduandaiwenxuesixiangshizhuanzhu《weijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangshi》,congdongbidaowancheng,zhengzhengyongle10nianshijian。houyibuzhuzuowanchenghou,nianjieqishidezongqiangxianshengjilaochengji,niangchengzhongzhengjiwuli,heshuidouwufaxiayan。

  dizimenxiangbanfabazongqiangxianshengsongdaoshoudoudebeijingyiyuan。zaixueshenghejiarendepeihuxia,tajijipeihezhiliao,zhongyujingshouzhubingtongdezhemo,yinglailelingrenjingxidekangfuyupingan。

  zongqiangxianshengbujinchuangzaolewanqiangdeshengmingqiji,yezaisuihoudemaodiezhinianli,chuangzaoleneiyidaixuerenxueshujingjindeqiji。

境 界

  zongqiangxianshengdexueshuyanjiushizai“zhitianming”dehoubanshengcaizhankaide,kefenweilianggejieduan: yishicong50suidao70suideqianershinian,ershicong70suidao90suidehouershinian。qianershinian,tadiandinglezhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiudejibengejuhexuekefazhanfangxiang,xiechulezuyichuanshidejingpinlizuo。houershinian,tayiranlaodangyizhuang、bigengbuchuo,luxuchubanzhuanzhusanbu——《mingdaihouqishirenxintaiyanjiu》(nankaidaxuechubanshe2006nianban)、《duwenxindiaolongshouji》(sanlianshudian2007nianban)、《mingdaiwenxuesixiangshi》(shang、xia)(zhonghuashuju2013nianban);lunwenjiliangbu——《yinyuanji》(nankaidaxuechubanshe2004nianban)、《wanxueji》(nankaidaxuechubanshe2009nianban);lunwenxuanjiliangben——《dangdaimingjiaxueshusixiangwenku·luozongqiangjuan》(beijingwanjuanchubanshe2010nianban)、《yinyuanjucungao》(fudandaxuechubanshe2016nianban)deng。nianguoqixun,hainengyourucihouzhongfengshuodechengguo,chongfenzhanshilezongqiangxianshengziqiangbuxidexueshujingjinzhilu。

竞彩官网  zuoweizongqiangxianshengqianershinianzhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiudesikaohezongjie,21shijichufabiaode《luozongqiangxianshengfangtanlu》qiangdiaolesandian: yishizhuiqiuzhenshidelishihaiyuan,ershiguanzhurenzhixingqing、gexingdeshirenxintaiyanjiu,sanshihuidaowenxuezishendeshenmeipanduan。

  zongqiangxianshengweizheipian“fangtan”shedingleyigezhangbiaoti: “ziqiangbuxi,yi;renziran,nan。xinxiangwangzhi,erlibunengzhi。”tazaifangtanzhongshuo——

竞彩官网  “xianzaiwoyiqishierle,yirankeyikekufendou,pingzijideaihao,chaozhejidingdemubiaoriyegongzuo,wozijijuede,ziqiangbuxishizuodaole,keshiyaozuodaorenziranquefeichangdenan。renziranshishenmeni?jiushibuyiwuxi,buyijibei,suiyueran,bushouwaijieganrao,baochiwanquanpingjingdexinjing,zheibushineimerongyizuodaode。”

  you“ziqiangbuxi”yanshenchulaide“renziran”,keyishuo,shiyizhongyushijujindexueshujingjie,tatixianzaizongqiangxianshenghouershiniandeyixilielunzhuli。ruguoshuoqianqide《suitangwudaiwenxuesixiangshi》《weijinnanbeichaowenxuesixiangshi》,pianzhongyuyong“chunwenxue”deguannianlaiguanchahehenglianggudaiwenxuesixiang;neimehouqide《mingdaiwenxuesixiangshi》,zenengzaijianchichunwenxuebiaozhundetongshi,jiangushuyu“zawenxue”deyingyongwenti,jiangwenxueshenmeipingpanyujiangqiushiyongdewenzhangxuexiangtibinglun。

竞彩官网  zaiwannianzhuzuo《duwenxindiaolongshouji》li,zongqiangxianshengyouliangpianwenzhangtanliuxiede“zawenxue”guan,ji《shi〈zhangbiao〉pian“fengjuyingming”yu“gucaiyiyao”——jianlunliuxiedezawenxueguannian》he《shi“ruxingguixian”——jianlunliuxiedezawenxueguannian(zhier)》。tayiwei,“zailiuxiedewenxuesixiangzhong,bujincunliuyouxueshuweifenshidewenzhangguan,erqieyouwenxuedulichengkeguochengzhongzhubuzhankaideduiyuwenxueyishutezhidezhuiqiu。”liuxiede《wenxindiaolong》wentilun,chulefenbieticai、wenleiwai,gengzhongyaodeshitimaodemiaoxiehefenggedebianxi,houzheyuwenxuehewenxuesixiangdeyanjiulianxigengweijinmi,yegengxianzhongyao。

  zongqiangxianshenghouershiniandezhongguowenxuesixiangshiyanjiu,shiqianyigejieduandeziranyanshen,miqieguanzhuxuejiedeyanjiudongtaihexuekefazhanqushi,juyou“yushijujin”detese,erguanchuanshizhongdeshidui“wenxue”benyuanwentideshenrusikao。tazai《guwenlunyanjiuzashi》zhongshuo——

竞彩官网  “wenxueshishenmeni?tashiyigeyonghengbubiandegainian,haishiyigelishidegainian?shiyigeyangeguifandegainian,haishiyigedanxingdegainian?congtadexingtaikan,congchuangzuodedongyinkan,congtadeshehuijiaosekan,tadetezhishishenme?wenxuedeshehuijiaose,yutadegongnengshibushitongyigegainian?tadegongnengshizizaide,haishishouwaijiezhuyinsujuedingde?zaixiandaikejixunmengfazhandejintian,tadegongnengyucunzaijiazhiyoumeiyoushoudaoyingxiang?yinggairuhejitadingwei?tadeshehuidejiaose,congbutongdecengmiankan,youmeiyoubutong,rucongzhengquandecengmiankan,congshequdecengmiankan,congjieshouzhedecengmiankan,youmeiyouqubie?zuoyouwenxuedegouchengyinsushishenme,wenxuepipingdebiaozhundengdeng,haikeyitichuyixiliewenti。”

  zongqiangxianshengrenwei: “yaojianliyouzhongguotesedewenxuelilun,haiyouyigezhuguantiaojiandewenti。yaodanfujianlicizhonglilunderen,zhishaobixuduigudaiwenxue、gudaiwenlunyoushenrudelejie;duiguoneiwaiwenxuelilundeyanjiujinzhanleruzhizhang;duiwoguodangdaiwenxuechuangzuoshiji、duidangqiandeshehuiwenhuazhuangkuanghexuyaoyousuoyanjiu。er竞彩官网 xianzaicongshizheisangelingyuyanjiuderen,daduoduliyubenlingyuzhinei,jiantongzhejiaoweihanjian。yizhongxindelilundejianli,bushidankaojishucaozuosuonengbandaode,tashiduichuangzaozhexueshushuizhundequanmianyaoqiu……tamenzhongdeyixieren,bidangnengdadaozhongxijiantong、youzhashideguoxuegendi、yougaodudelilunsuyang、youzijidexueshusixiangdexueshujingjie。”zhiyoutongshijubeikaifangdeshijieyanguangheshenhoudechuantongsuyang,cainengzaifuxingzhonghuawenhuadeweiyezhongjianlijuyouzhongguotesedewenxuesixiangtixi。

因 缘

竞彩官网  zongqiangxianshenghuidaonankaihou,yizhizaixiaoyuanlijuzhu,tabawannianzaixinancundezhusuochengzhiwei“yinyuanju”。yinyuan,yejiushisuiyuanzishi,nadeqi,haiyaofangdexia,yu“renziran”yisixiangjin。tatanyan: “congwogerendeaihaolaishuo,congduirenshengdeganwu、duirenshengdetiyanlaishuo,woshifeichangxihuanzhuangzide。danrenziranfeichangnan,wozuobudao,wentizaiyuwowangwangxinuxingyuse,aizengfenming,xihuanjiuxihuan,buxihuanjiubuxihuan,conglaibuguaiwanmojiao。yiwodeqizhihexiguan,wodabudaozhuangzineizhonglixiangdejingjie,suoyizhinengshixinxiangwangzhi。lixianghuadedongxi,burongyizuodao;danzuoshiyaorenzhen,yaoyisibugou,queshijingguonulikeyizuodaode。”

  zongqiangxianshengshixingqingzhongren,youshirenqinghuaiheyishucaihua,duizhen、shan、meihenzhizhe;meishiziyoudexiangzheng,yishiqi“renziran”dejingshenjituo。ruguoshuotianxingjianer“ziqiangbuxi”defendoujingshen,zaitahoubanshengdexueshuyanjiuzhongyouchongfendetixian;neime“renziran”zeshiqijingshenshenghuodexinjinjing,juyourenshengjingjieyuxueshujingjiedeshuangzhongyiyun。zuoweirenshengjingjiede“renziran”,shiyiqiesuishunyinyuan,jinyuzhuangzizhuiqiudesuiyueran、pinghedandingdejingshenziyou,zhuyaojianzhiyutawannianneixiexieyiyiqing、youxibimodeshishuhuachuangzuozhizhong。shiyuhuadeguanxi,yejiushirenyuzirandeguanxi。

  jingguantiandiren,huibishishuhua。zongqiangxianshengwannianzaizuoxuewenzhiyu,changchangyishuhuaziyu,xihuantumodaxieyidehuaniaohuaheshanshuihua。tade《xieliyishanshiyitu》,yonglingdongbifahuafengzhongdeliutiaoheshuzhishangzhanlideliangzhixiaoniao。huadeyoushangfangzetixielishangyindeshiju: “yichunmengyuchangpiaowa,jinrilingfengbumanqi。”zairushanshuihua《hechusanjiacun》,yipomoranchucengcengdiediedeshanluan,yuyunwupiaomiaodehuamiantishangzijixiedeshi: “hechusanjiacun,jinribichaimen。huangjingshaoxingke,wurenwenchenhun。gudengyuqingjuan,yanjianshenyoucun。shanwaizuigewu,liluxiangzhuben。yaoyifuqitai,shirenkongxinhun。jiguaxiangyinyi,chengbairufupen。huidecizhongyi,wansuiyichengchun。”yiyouxibimoqianfayixing,yitishijituoqinghuai,jiangjiushiqingyuhuayideshuirujiaorong。

  congxiaozaishuhuayishufangmiandexiuyang,shizongqiangxianshengjuyoushifenminruizhunquedeshenmeipanduanli。tazai《woyuzhongguogudaiwenxuesixiangshi》lishuo——

  “duiyuwenxuesichaofazhandeminruiganshou,zaihendachengdushang,yaoqiujubeishenmeidenengli。yigezuojia、yigeliupaidechuangzuo,meizainali,fanyingleshenmeyangxindeshenmeiquwei,naishiwenxuesixiangzhongzuiweihexindewenti。ruguozheiyidiandoubawobudao,neixiechulaidejiubuhuishiwenxuesixiangshi,ershiyibanyiyishangdesixiangshi。ruguobayipianmeidezuopinshulouguoqu,erbayipianbingbumeidezuopinnalaifenxi,bingqiebatashuodetoutoushidao,neijiuhuibawenxuesixiangshidemianmaoxiezouyangle。”

  zongqiangxianshengduimeideganshouguantongshishuhua。tarenwei,wenxuedebenzhitezhengshishenmeide,mianduishenmeiduixiang,yanjiuzhebunengwudongyuzhong,yinciwenxuesixiangyanjiudezhongxin,yinggaiyouyibandelilunpipingzhuanxiangwenxuezuopindeshenmeifenxi,zhuanxiangwenxuesichaodebianrenhebawo,zheixuyaominruideshenmeiganshounengli,buxiangyanjiulilunpipingneiyang,zhiyaozaicailiaoshulidejichushangjinxinglixingguinajiukedechujielun。zhongguowenxuesixiangshideyanjiuzhe,ruobunengganshouwenxuechuangzuoxianshichudeshenmeiqingxiang,bunengbawozuojiadutedeyishugexingjiqizuopinfengge,jiunanyibawobutongshiqiwenxuesixiangfazhandezhuchaoyudashi。

  作者: 张毅,罗宗强学生,曾获第四届全国高校“青年教师奖”,南开大学“杰出教授”。

  (本版图片均为资料图片)

编辑: 韦承金

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