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海南日报: 冯友兰与三所名校的渊缘
来源:竞彩官网 发稿时间: 2021-10-04 12:43

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  fengyoulanxianshengyizhexuejiahezhexueshijiamingshi,tongshiyeshiyiweijiaoyudajia。tazaonianbiyeyubeijingdaxue,1920niandaimokaishizhijiaoqinghua,quanmiankangzhanbaofahouyouzaibeijingdaxue、qinghuadaxue、nankaidaxuehezudexinanlianhedaxuedanrenzhexuejiaoshoujianwenxueyuanzhang,yuzheisansuodaxueyouzhejishendeyuanyuan。

  fengyoulanwanniansuojuyusuoyuesansongtang,yitingzhongsankesongshuerdeming。1980niandaichu,xianshengyi86suigaolingwanchengle《sansongtangzixu》yishu,“yiwangsi,shujiuwen,huaiguren,wanglaizhe”,duizijiyishengzuolezongjieyuhuigu,qizhongduibeida、qinghuahexinanliandadehuiyigengshilingrendongrong——zaixianshengqushi30zhounianzhiji,xiexiazheixiesuosuidewenzizuoweijinian。

  北大哲学求知路

  fengyoulan1895nianshengyuhenantangheyigeguanshenzhijia,fuqincengzaihuguangzongduzhangzhidongshouxiazuoguan。zheizhongjiatingchushendehaiziyibandoushouguolianghaodejiaoyu,fengyoulanxianhouzaikaifeng、wuchangheshanghaidushu,1915nianzhongguogongxuebiyehoukaorubeijingdaxue。

竞彩官网  fengyoulanzaizhongguogongxuedushuqijianjiuduiluojichanshenglenonghouxingqu,tajuexinyaoxuexizhexuetebieshixifangzhexue,dangshizhiyoubeijingdaxueyouwenkezhexuemen(zhexuexi),suoyifengyoulanjiubaokaolebeida。baokaobeidawenkedekaoshengbuduo,yinweidangshiwenkebiyechulutaizhai,dingduohunge“jiaoyumingliu”。beidafuzebaomingdezhiyuanquanfengyoulanbaokaofake,ruguoyihouxiangduwenke,keyishenqinggaike。fengyoulantingletadehua,danruxuehouhaishishenqinggailewenke。

  1915nian9yuechu,fengyoulandaobeidacanjiakaixuedianli。dianliyouxiaozhanghurenyuanzhuchi,jufengyoulanhuiyi,xiaozhangjianglejijuhuahou,turanyougetuozhebianzidejiaoshouzhanqilaifayan,cirenjiushidamingdingdingdeguhongming。yebuzhizheishiyuxiananpaihaode,haishitazijilinshichongdong,fanzhengshuolehenduo,zhuyaoshimaren,madangshidezhengfuheshehuishangdexinxianshiwu。guhongmingmawanyihou,yemeirenzaifayan,yushijiusanhuile。

  guhongmingshibeidayoumingdeguairen,minguojianlihaojinianle,haituozhegedabianzi。danguhongmingrezhongxiangxifangjieshaohexuanchuandongfangwenhua,zaiguowaiyingxianghenda,dangshixifangliuxingyijuhua: “daozhongguokeyibukansandadian,danbukebukanguhongming。”

  beijingdaxuehaiyougeguairenkeyuguhongmingpimei,cirenjiushihuangkan。huangkanshiguoxuedashizhangtaiyandichuandizi,xueshushendeqishisanmei,bingxingyeruqishi,xixiaonuma,shicaiaowu,renxingerwei,rencheng“huangfeng”。zaibeidaxiaoyuanli,huangkanhenshouxueshenghuanying,fengyoulanzai《sansongtangzixu》zhongshuo: “tashangkedeshihou,tingjiangderenzuiduo,tazaiketangshangjiang《wenxuan》he《wenxindiaolong》,zheixieshuwoyiqianlianshumingdoumeitingshuoguode。”huangkanshanyuyinsongshizhang,yiyangduncuo,jirenyizhongshenlinqijingdemeigan,xueshengmenyeqingbuzijindidisuizhetachanghe。huangkanyuxueshengzhijiandewangwochanghe,houlaijingranchenglebeijingdaxuedeliuxingwenhua,beishishengmenchengwei“huangdiao”——jushuodangshi“fanyouxueshengchu,jiewenhuangdiaosheng”。

  fengyoulanfangjiahuijiahou,yexuehuangkandeyangzinianshinianwenzhang,yinqilemeimeifengyuanjundexingqu。fengyoulanyushianzhaohuangkandetaolu,xuanlexieshiwenjiaojifengyuanjun,meimeifeichangcongming,budanhuijianghuinian,haixuehuilexiezuo,jurannengxiechuliuchaoxiaofuneiyangdexiaopinwen。houlaizaimuqinzhichixia,fengyuanjunkaorubeijingnvzishifandaxuedushu,zoushanglewenxueyanjiuhechuangzuozhilu。xinzhongguochenglihou,fengyuanjuncengjingdanrenshandongdaxuefuxiaozhang,yufujunlukanrutongweiguoneizhimingxuezhe。

  beidazhexuefenweizhongguozhexuemen、yinduzhexuemenhexiyangzhexuemen,danshijishangyinduzhexuemenhexiyangzhexuemengenbenmeirenjiao。jifengyoulanzheibangxueshengjiangshouzhongguozhexuedeneiweijiaoshoucongsanhuangwudikaishijiangqi,jianglebannianduocaijiangdaozhougong。

  1916niandi,caiyuanpeidaobeidadanrenxiaozhang,tazhuzhangjiaoyuduli,bingchi“sixiangziyou,jianrongbingbao”debanxuelinian,pinqinglebaokuohushi、liangshumingzaineideyidapiwenhuamingliudaoxiaorenjiao。hushiheliangshumingduifengyoulanyingxiangposhen,yerangtamingbailezaixintiandizhiwai,haiyougengxindetiandi。tebieshihushi,jiangshuzhongguozhexueshiconglaozihekongzijiangqi,jiangsanhuangwudizhijiekandiao,zheiduiyufengyoulanlaishuoshigezhidefeiyue,mianmuweizhiyixin,jingshenyeweizhiyizhen。

  daxuebiyehou,fengyoulanfumeiguogelunbiyadaxueliuxue,shicongzhexuedashiduwei,youkaishilexindeyanjiuhesikao。

  清华园的“太乙真人”

竞彩官网  fengyoulanyuqinghuadaxuepoyouyuanyuan,tazaikaifengzhongzhougongxuezhongxuebujiudushi,qinghuaxuexiaozhengshizhaoshouxuesheng,xuduopengyoudouquantabaomingyingkao。qinghuashiliumeiyubeixuexiao,yihoushiyaochuguoliuxuede,muqinshebudetayuanshezhongyang,jianjuebutongyibaokao。fengyoulansuirancuoguoledaoqinghuadushudejihui,shijinianhouqueyijiaoshoushenfenzoujinleqinghuayuan。

  fengyoulandaoqinghuabujiujiudanrenlezhexuexizhuren,houlaiyoudanglewenxueyuanzhang,yishenghenzhangshijiandoushizaiqinghuadaxueduguode。jufengyoulandexueshenghuiyi,fengxianshengzhangranpiaoxiong,chushihuoda,youxianfengdaoguzhiqi。dangshitazhuzaiqinghuayisuo,xueshengjiujiangzheilijiaozuo“taiyidongtian”,erfengxianshengjiushi“taiyizhenren”le。

竞彩官网  fengyoulanhexueshengmenguanximiqie,ganqinghenshen。1930niandaixuechaoyuelaiyueduo,yingxiangyeyuelaiyueda,guomindangqingzhijiguanchangdaoxuexiaogenzong、jiankong、daibujinbuxuesheng,fengxianshengzai《sansongtangzixu》zhongzheiyangxiedao: “guomindangjunjingtewusuoyaopohaidexuesheng,ruguotamenxindeguowo,jiudaowojialiyinbi,wojinliyanhu,buguanrenshiburenshi,yecongbuwentamendexingming。”1936niandeyitian,junjingbaoweileqinghuadaxue,yaodaibuxuesheng,xiaozhangmeiyiqirangfengyoulandengrenqutajiakaihui。zhengzaizheishi,lianggexueshengpaolejinlaiduozang,fengfurenjiangtamenrangjinleketing。

  daomeijiahou,meiyiqirangcanhuidegeyuanyuanzhangbuyaolikai,yibiansuishiyingfuqingkuang,ranhoudadianhuajibeipingshizhangqindechun,rangtachumianxiediao。qindechunshihuabeizhengwuweiyuanhuiweiyuanzhangsongzheyuanxinfu,taqinziquzhaosongzheyuanqiuqing,shiqingshunlijiejue,junjingchechuleqinghuayuan。

  dengfengyoulanhuijia,wulijingqiaoqiaode,neilianggexueshengzaojiulikaile。qizigaosuta,xueshengzuozaiketingshafalishuijue,hanshengrulei,tapawaimianyourentingdao,jiubatamenzangzaihouyuanchufangli。fengyoulanyizhibuzhidaoliangmingxueshengshishei,duonianyihouzaiyigehuiyishangyudaoyaoyilin,taxiangfengyoulantiqicishi,shuoqizhongyirenjiushita。

竞彩官网  zaiqinghuajiaoshuqijian,fengyoulanwanchenglezhumingde《zhongguozhexueshi》,quanshufenshangxialiangce,1934nianyoushangwuyinshuguanchubanfaxing。jufengyoulanhuiyi,《zhongguozhexueshi》shangcechubanshi,xuexiaojiangqiliewei“qinghuadaxuecongshu”,bingqingchenyinkehejinyuelinliangxianshengshencha。chenyinkeyujinyuelinduizheibuzhuzuopingjiapogao,bingbuyueertongdijiang《zhongguozhexueshi》yuhushide《zhongguozhexueshidagang》xiangtibinglun,zheishiduifengyoulandegaodurenkehekending。

  联大矛盾调和人

竞彩官网  lugouqiaoshibianbaofahou,pingjinzhanjuehua,“guominzhengfu”jiaoyubujuedingjiangguolibeijingdaxue、guoliqinghuadaxuehesilinankaidaxuenanqianzhangsha,zujianguolizhangshalinshidaxue。zhisuoyixuanzezhangshazuoweilinshidaxuexiaozhi,shiyinweizaozailugouqiaoshibianqianliangnian,qinghuadaxuejiuzaiyuelushanxiaxiujianleyizhengtaoxiaoshe,yuji1938nianchujikewanquanjiaofushiyong。yucitongshi,xuexiaojixudeyixietushu、yiqiyeluxuyundizhangsha。

竞彩官网  danhaojingbuzhang,suizhejushiehua,linshidaxueyouqianwangyunnankunming,binggengmingweiguolixinanlianhedaxue。xinanliandazaiyunnandailezhengzheng8nian,zhidao1946nianqiucaifanhuipingjinfuxiao。liandachenglizhichu,yinwenxueyuanzhanghushiweidaoxiao,wenxueyuanyuanzhangyizhiyoufengyoulandaili;hushichurenzhumeidashihou,wenxueyuanzhangyoufengzhengshijieren;qijianfengyoulanshuciyinshiqingjia,yuanzhangyizhifenbieyouyangzhensheng、tangyongtongheleihaizongzanshidaili。

  fengyoulanyuanzaiqinghuadaxuezhexuexirenjiao,zhangshalindachenglihou,sanxiaodezhexuexi、xinlixuexihejiaoyuxuexihebingzuchenglelindazhexuexinlijiaoyuxuexi,xineifenshezhexue、xinlixuehejiaoyuxuesanzu。xuexiaoqiankunminghou,jiaoyuxuezuhuaguiliandashifanxueyuan,zhexuexinlijiaoyuxuexigaichengzhexuexinlixuexi,fenzhexuehexinlixueliangzu。qichubenxijiaoshouhuizhuxiyizhiyoufengyoulandanren,houyinfengdailiwenxueyuanzhang,jiaoshouhuizhuxigaiyoutangyongtong、fengwenqianhehelinxianhoudanren。

竞彩官网  kangzhanshenglihou,xinanliandaminzhuyundongfengqiyunyong,fuyuaiguochuantongdeliandaxueshengzhanchulaihuyuheping,fanduineizhan。1945nian11yue25ri,xinanlianda、yunnandaxuedengzhukungaoxiao6000yumingshishenglianhezhaokaishishiwanhui,danzaodaodangjuzunaohekonghe,shishengmenyibakekangyi,quezaodaogengweiyankudezhenya。12yue1ri,fengyoulanzhengzaijialixiuxi,turantingdaoliandaxinxiaosheneichuanchushouliudanbaozhadeshengyin,kanjianwuhancongcongpaochulaihan: “kaihuole!sharenle!xuexiaoganjinxiangbanfa。”zheijiushizhenjingquanguode“yier·yi”canan,yuzai、panyan、lilulianhezhanghuachangdeng4renxisheng,10yurenshouzhongshang。

  cananfashenghou,kunmingquanshixuexiaobakekangyi,yaoqiuyanchengkunmingjingbeizongsilingguanlinzheng。fengyoulanzaizheiciyundongzhongchongdanglediaoherenjiaose,taxianrangxueshengfuke,ranhouyourangdangjujiangguanlinzhengquzhi。fengyoulanzai《sansongtangzixu》zhongzheiyangxiedao: “woziyiweishiwanjiulelianda,shiqimianyubeijiesanzhizai……keshijinbufangmianderen,renweiwodaitoupohuaiyundong。wojuedehenhuixin,juedezheizhongdiaohemaodundejiaosehennandang,benlaixiangzhaoguliangmian,keshiliangmiandoubumanyi。”

竞彩官网  zhengzaizheishi,youxifangpengyouyaoqingfengyoulandaomeiguofanyitade《zhongguozhexueshi》yishu,fengyoulanyu1946nian9yuequlemeiguo,erliandayezaiciqianhoufuyuanbeiguile。

编辑: 吴军辉

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