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河南日报: 千里跃进大别山: 解放战争的战略大转折
来源:竞彩官网 发稿时间: 2021-10-04 12:43

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竞彩官网  liudengdajunqianlitingjindabieshanshizhonggongzhongyangjunshiweiyuanhuihemaozedongtongzhigenjuguojiguoneixingshidefazhanbianhuasuozuodeweidazhanlvejuece。zheiyizhanlvedechenggongshishi,daluanleguomindangjingxincehuadezhanlvebushu,qianzhileqijingongshanganningbianquheshandongjiefangqudejunshililiang,lakailezhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanlvefangongdexumu。

  大兵团千里跃进的大致经过

  1947nian6yue30riwanshang,liudengdajunzhuliyijutupohuanghetianxian,jiekailezhongguorenminjiefangjunzhanlvejingongdexumu。jiezhezaidingtao、caoxian、juye、jinxiangyidaifadongleluxinanzhanyi,jiandi5.6wanyuren,saoqingletongxiangdabieshandaolushangdeyouyizhangai。8yue7riye,liudengdajun12wanyurenturanshuaikaidiren,yipaishandaohaizhishixiangnanyuejin。zuichu,jiangjieshihaiyiweiliudengdajunshi“xiangnanliucuan”,yinerlingqijushouzailuxinande20wanzhulibuduilianyezhuigan,qitujiangliudengdajun“jujian”yuhuangfanquheshahezhijian。zhidaoliudengdajunshengliduguoshahebingzhiquhuaiheshi,tacaihuangrandawu。weizuzhiliudengdajunjinjudabieshanweixieqizhangjiangfangxian,jiangjieshijimangcongnanxianchoudiaoyue3wanbinglijindiruheqiangzhandukou,zhahuiminchuan,qitutongguonanbeijiajijiangliudengdajunxiaomiezairuheyixian。8yue23ri,zhonggongzhongyangzhongyuanjulingdaojiguan、yezhanjunzhihuibuheyigezongduizaiqianyouzudihouyouzhuibingdeweijishike,tongshubeiyujidedirenfenlipinsha,shengliduguoruhe。jingguo20duotiandelianxujixingjun,liudengdajunyu8yue27riduguohuaihechenggongdaodadabieshan。jiezhe,liudengdajunzaidabieshandiquxunsushishizhanlvezhankai,xunzhaozhanjixiaomiediren。jiezhi10yuedi,gongjiandi3wanyuren,jianlile33gexianderenminminzhuzhengquan,bujinfensuileguomindangfandongpaide“zhongdianqingjiao”,erqiezhongjianhegongguleeyu、wanxidenggeminggenjudi,zaidabieshanzhanwenlejiaogen。

  实施千里跃进的战略意图

竞彩官网  zhonggongzhongyangpailiudengdajunqianliyuejindezhanlveyituzhuyaoshirangqitiaochuwaixianzuozhan,bazhanhuoshaodaoguomindangtongzhidehexinquyu,daluanguomindangdezhanlvejihua,bingtongguoqianzhidirenyijianqingshanganningbianquheshandongjiefangqudejunshiyali。jiezhi1947nian6yue,guomindangdezhengguijunyou1946nian7yuede200wanrenxiajiangdao150wanren,qiehoufangfeichangkongxu。zhongguorenminjiefangjundezhengguibuduizeyou1946nian7yuede61wanrenzengjiadao100wanren,bingkeyiquanbuyongyujidongzuozhan。zhonggongzhongyangjunweihemaozedongguoduantichuyizhulidadaowaixianqubingjiangzhanzhengyinxiangguomindangtongzhiquyudezhanlvefangzhen。1946nian12yue1ri,zhonggongzhongyangzhishiliubocheng、dengxiaopingdengrensuishizuohaolunanzuozhanzhunbei,bingjinkenengzhuazhuyoulizhanji,chuqibuyifadongjubufangongyizhangwozhanzhengzhudongquan。weixiyinheqianzhi“weijian”zhongyuanyezhanjundeguomindangjundui,zhonggongzhongyangyu1947nian1yue18rizhidianliudeng,yaoqiutamenzhunbeizai5yuefenxiangdabieshanjinjun。jianyushanganningbianqudeyananjizhoubianxianchengdouyilunweidishoudeweijixingshi,yijishandongjiefangqurenli、wulixiaohaodekongqianjuda,zhongyangjunweizai7yue23ridianlingliudeng“xiajuexinbuyaohoufang,yibangeyuexingcheng,zhichudabieshan,zhanlingdabieshanweizhongxindeshushixian,suqingmintuan,fadongqunzhong,jianligenjudi,xiyindirenxiangwojingong,dayundongzhan”。weiqianzhijingongshanganningbianquheshandongjiefangqudeguomindangjundui,huanjiejiefangquneixianzuozhandejudayali,liubocheng、dengxiaopingdengjianchiyidajuweizhong,jianjuezhixingzhonggongzhongyanghemaozedongtongzhizhidingdexunsuyuejindabieshanjinxingwaixianzuozhandezhanlvejuece。

  刘邓大军千里跃进大别山的战略作用

  liudengdajunyuejindabieshan,bujinjiguomindangtongzhizhongxinnanjingyijihuazhongjunshizhongzhenwuhangouchengyanzhongweixie,erqieqianzhihexiaomieledaliangguomindangjundui。1947nian11yue,jiangjieshizaiqizhuchizhaokaide“dabieshanzuozhanjiantaohui”juedingjiangqihaijundiaoruzhangjiangyifangliudengdajundujiangzuozhan。tongshicongshanbei、yubei、jinnan、shandongjinpuluyidongdengdiyijizhangjiangshoubeibuduizhongchoudiaobudui,pincoucheng33gelvdebingli,wangtuduidabieshanshishi“zhongdianqingjiao”。liudengdajun“zaidabieshanhezhongyuandiqubeizhulejiangjieshizainanxianquanbubingliyibailiushiduogelvzhongdayuejiushiduogelvzuoyoudebingli”,bingshizhichengweidangshi“direnbinglijizhongzuiduodezhanchang”。guomindangyinbinglifensanbudebujiangduishanbei、shandongzhanchangdezhongdianjingonggaiweiquanmianfangyu。jiezhi1947nian12yuedi,liudengdajunyuchensu、chenxiedajunxietongzuozhan,miqiepeihe,gongjiandi19wanren,jiefangxiancheng100duozuo。

竞彩官网  liudengdajunjinrudabieshanquhou,bajiefangzhanzhengdezhanxianzaiduanshijianneiconghuangheliuyutuidaozhangjiangliuyu,weizhongguorenminjiefangjunduoququanguoshenglichuangzaolejiweiyoulidetiaojian。cihou,liudengdajunhechensu、chenxiedajunhuxiangpeihe,yidabieshangenjudiweijichu,xunsuhuifulezhongyuanjiefangqu,bingshiqichengweinanbeizhanzhengdeyigeshuniuheduoququanguoshenglideyigetiaoban。zhengrumaozedongzai1947nian12yuesuozhichudeneiyang: “yijiusiqinianqiyuezhijiuyuejian,renminjiefangjunjiyizhuanrulequanguoguimodejingong,pohuailejiangjieshijiangzhanzhengjixuyinxiangjiefangqu,qituchedipohuaijiefangqudefangemingjihua。”“niuzhuanlemeidiguozhuyijiqizougoujiangjieshifeibangdefangemingchelun,shizhizouxiangfumiededaolu,tuijinlezijidegemingchelun,shizhizouxiangshenglidedaolu。zheishiyigelishidezhuanzhedian。zheishijiangjieshideershinianfangemingtongzhiyoufazhandaoxiaomiedezhuanzhedian。zheishiyibaiduonianyilaidiguozhuyizaizhongguodetongzhiyoufazhandaoxiaomiedezhuanzhedian。”

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